[H]ardOCP: Pluto is a Giant Comet

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Since Pluto was deprived of its planetary status, a persistent issue has remained, namely, what is Pluto, if it is not a planet.

Pluto is one of the most controversial cosmic objects in our Solar System. Well, a few scientists consider they've discovered the truth. "As these planetesimals orbit their star, they clear material from their path, leaving tracks of space empty but for fine dust", according to NASA. The detailed theory is published in the journal Icarus titles as "Primordial N2 provides a cosmochemical explanation for the existence of Sputnik Planitia, Pluto". Christopher Glein and J. Hunter Waite Jr., the scientists of SwRI observed that the composition of Sputnik Planitia, the large, nitrogen-rich ice-covered basin on Pluto, is similar to the what Rosetta found on Comet 67P.

"We found an intriguing consistency between the estimated amount of nitrogen inside the glacier and the amount that would be expected if Pluto was formed by the agglomeration of roughly a billion comets or other Kuiper Belt objects similar in chemical composition to 67P, the comet explored by Rosetta", Glein explained.

Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Credit NAVCAM  ROSETTA  ESA
Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Credit NAVCAM ROSETTA ESA

However, the scientists admitted that there is a pile of unanswered questions regarding how Pluto has formed and what it is, exactly, but, according to Dr. Glein, the theory elaborated by him and his colleagues is very probable.

Or, to be more precise, 1 billion comets all mashed together. What resulted was what they called the giant comet model.

Scientists needed to understand not only the nitrogen present at Pluto now - in its atmosphere and in glaciers - but also how much of the volatile element potentially could have leaked out of the atmosphere and into space over the eons.

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The recently provided cosmochemical design of Pluto development discusses these observations rather perfectly, however as the scientists confess, a solar design of Pluto development likewise works. By comparing the results with the low levels of carbon monoxide, researchers realized Pluto was influenced by liquid water.

"This research builds upon the fantastic successes of the New Horizons and Rosetta missions to expand our understanding of the origin and evolution of Pluto", said Glein.

The researchers further suggest that the presence of liquid water may have altered the planet over time, even going so far as to propose that the planet may have had a subsurface ocean.

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"Utilizing chemistry as a detective's software, we're in a position to hint sure options we see on Pluto right this moment to formation processes from way back", he added.

This new study about the evolution of Pluto was performed by collaborating information received from the New Horizons Flyby of NASA and the Rosetta Mission of the European Space Agency. "This results in a brand new appreciation of the richness of Pluto's 'life story, ' which we're exclusively beginning to grasp".

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