China's July exports rise more than expected despite US tariffs

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The US will impose a 25% tariff on another $16 billion worth of Chinese goods starting August 23, US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer announced Tuesday.

USTR is conducting a public comment period for those tariffs, which could reach 25 percent, due to end September 5. Beijing is expected to hit $16 billion worth of United States goods with equal tariffs in response to Tuesday's move. But it was 11 percent higher than in the same month previous year.

Announcing the new duties, the US Trade Representatives Office: "China directs and unfairly facilitates the systematic investment in, and acquisition of, US companies and assets to generate large-scale technology transfer". Those new tariffs, totaling $16 billion, will be levied against 279 products, including motorcycles, steam turbines and railway cars.

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In March 2018, the USTR had released the findings of its "exhaustive" Section 301 investigation that found China's acts, policies and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation are "unreasonable and discriminatory and burden USA commerce".

China fired back warning it would impose duties on $60 billion in U.S. goods. That was off slightly from June's 13.6% rate but still stronger than China's global export growth. Also removed were splitting, slicing or paring machines. "The risk is that the U.S. administration's gamble to strong-arm China into giving into all U.S. demands without some compromise only leads to successive rounds of higher and higher tariffs".

Chinese state media has said Beijing will not be cowed by Washington's threats.

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The two sides held three rounds of formal talks, beginning with a delegation to Beijing led by Mnuchin in May.

China uses joint venture requirements, foreign investment restrictions, and administrative review and licensing processes to require or pressure technology transfer from USA companies. But within days, Trump himself backed away from the deal, saying talks would "probably have to use a different structure".

Negotiations broke off after the Trump administration imposed the tariffs on $34 billion in Chinese imports, a move the Chinese said would void any promises they'd made in negotiations.

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However, President Trump is also engaged in trade disputes with other countries, such as Canada and Mexico, and has imposed separate tariffs on items that include steel and aluminium, washing machines and solar panels.

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